There is a hadith in Tirmizi (Hadith no:265) that reads

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Date: Sunday, May 29, 2011

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Hadith

Title

There is a hadith in Tirmizi (Hadith no:265) that reads

Question

There is a hadith in Tirmizi (Hadith no:265) that reads;

Abu Masud al Ansari has narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: ”The ones who don’t straight their backs after the Ruku and Sajdah’s his prayer is not enough.

The same hadith with the same wording; ” straight their backs after the Ruku and Sajdah’s”’is mentioned in Nesai, Hadith no: 1017 (Its mentioned here with the wording ”between”) and 1099.

(In the Musnad of Imam Ahmad 4/122 there is a narration by Abu Hurayrah and Talk bin Ali al Hanafi on the same meaning as in the narration of Tirmizi but here is the wording like in Nesai 1017 mentioned with the word ”between”)

Now the narration in Abu Dawud 855, Ibn Madjah 870 and Ahmad 4/122 reads;

Abu Masud al Ansari has narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: ”The ones who don’t  keep straight their backs at the Ruku and Sajdah his prayer is not enough.

Now I was wondering what the correct version of this hadith is;

Straightening the back after (between) ruku and sajdah,

Or Straightening the back at ruku and sajdah (thus this will mean in state of ruku and sajdah) ?

Note that Imam Tirmizi said after the hadith;

”The hadith of Abu Masud is Hasan Sahih, The ashaab of the Prophet (saw) and the ahlu’l ilm after them are of this view; that a man should straighten his back after the ruku and sajdah. Shafi, Ahmad and Ishak has because of this hadith ruled out that a person who don’t straightens his back after the ruku and sajdah that hs salah is fasid”

So according to the explaination of Imam Tirmizi the correct wording would be: ”Straighten the back after the ruku and sajdah.”

This would then be in contradiction with the narration in Abu Dawud, Ibn Madjah, Ahmad.

Answer

Muhtaram / Muhtaramah

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.

 

It seems that you do not know Arabic and mistranslated the Ahadith or you have relied upon someone else’s translation for the Ahadith.

The following are the Ahadith and their correct translations.

1.

عن أبى مسعود الأنصارى البدرى قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا تجزئ صلاة لا يقيم فيها الرجل يعنى

صلبه فى الركوع والسجود – الترمذى

Abu Mas’ud al-Ansari al-Badri narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “The salat is not complete in which the person does not become straighten, meaning his back in ruku’ and sajda.” – Al-Tirmidhi

2.

أخبرنا قتيبة قال حدثنا الفضيل عن الأعمش عن عمارة بن عمير عن أبى معمر عن أبى مسعود قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا تجزئ صلاة لا يقيم الرجل فيها صلبه فى الركوع والسجود – النسائى

Abu Mas’ud narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “The salat is not complete in which a person does not straighten his back in ruku and sajda.” – Al-Nasai

3.

أخبرنا على بن خشرم المروزى قال أنبأنا عيسى وهو ابن يونس عن الأعمش عن عمارة عن أبى معمر عن أبى مسعود قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا تجزئ صلاة لا يقيم الرجل فيها صلبه فى الركوع والسجود – النسائى

ِ Abu Mas’ud narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “The salat is not complete in which a person does not straighten his back in ruku and sajda.” – Al-Nasai

4.

حدثنا حفص بن عمر النمرى حدثنا شعبة عن سليمان عن عمارة بن عمير عن أبى معمر عن أبى مسعود البدرى قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا تجزئ صلاة الرجل حتى يقيم ظهره فى الركوع والسجود – أبو داود

Abu Mas’ud narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “The salat of a person is not complete until he straightens his back in ruku’ and in sajda.” – Abu Dawud

5.

حدثنا على بن محمد وعمرو بن عبد الله قالا حدثنا وكيع عن الأعمش عن عمارة عن أبى معمر عن أبى مسعود قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا تجزئ صلاة لا يقيم الرجل فيها صلبه فى الركوع والسجود – ابن ماجه

Abu Mas’ud narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said,” The salat is not complete in which the person does not straighten his back in ruku’ and in sajda.” – Abu Dawud

6.

عن على بن شيبان قال… قال رسول الله يا معشر المسلمين إنه لا صلاة لمن لا يقيم صلبه فى الركوع والسجود – مسند أحمد

Ali bin Shayban narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “O Muslims, There is no [complete] salat for a person who does not straighten his back in ruku’ and in sajda.” – Ahmad

7.

حدثنا عبد الله حدثنى أبى حدثنا يحيى بن آدم حدثنا عامر بن يساف حدثنا يحيى بن أبى كثير عن عبد الله بن بدر الحنفى عن أبى هريرة قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا ينظر الله إلى صلاة رجل لا يقيم صلبه بين ركوعه وسجوده – مسند أحمد

Abu Hurayra (Radiyallahu ‘Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Allah Does not look at the salat of a person who does not straighten his back between his ruku’ and sajda.” – Ahmad

8.

قال حدثنا عبد الله حدثنى أبى حدثنا وكيع قال حدثنا عكرمة بن عمار عن عبد الله بن زيد أو بدر أنا أشك عن طلق بن على الحنفى قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا ينظر الله عز وجل إلى صلاة عبد لا يقيم فيها صلبه بين ركوعها وسجودها – مسند أحمد

Talaq bin Ali al-Hanafi narrates that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Allah does not look at the salat of the bondsman who does not straighten his back between his ruku’ and sajda.” – Ahmad

9.

قال حدثنا عبد الله حدثنى أبى حدثنا أبو النضر قال حدثنا أيوب بن عتبة حدثنا عبد الله بن بدر عن عبد الرحمن بن على بن شيبان عن أبيه أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا ينظر الله عز وجل إلى رجل لا يقيم صلبه بين ركوعه وسجوده – مسند أحمد

‘Abd al-Rahman bin ‘Ali bin Shayban narrates from his father that Rasulullah (Sallalahu ‘Alayhi Wasallam) said, “Allah does not look at that person who does not straighten his back between his ruku’ and his sajda.” – Ahmad

Note: There are many other narrations concerning this issue, but we have sufficed on the narrations you have mentioned.

The first six narrations state that the back must be straightened in ruku’ and in sajda which is narrated by Abu Mas’ud al-Ansari and Ali bin Shayban.  The last six narrations state that it must be straightened between the ruku’ and sajda, meaning during qawma and jalsa which is narrated by Abu Hurayra, Talaq bin ‘Ali, and Ali Shayban.

The meaning of ‘straightening the back” is that all the limbs must come to a stop before proceeding to the next action of salat.

There might seem to be an “apparent” contradiction between the two narrations.  It has always been the method of the Jurists as well as the Traditionalists that when there seems to be an “apparent’ contradiction between two narrations, they try to reconcile them so each one is correct in its place.  In fact, one can see from the above narrations that there is no actual contradiction at all.  The first narration is discussing the aspect of letting all the limps come to a stop whilst in ruku’ and sajda, while the second narration is discussing the aspect of having all the limps come to a stop while in qawma and in jalsa.

The Jurists have derived different rulings from the above Ahadith.  Some Jurists are of the opinion that to let the limbs come to a stop is fard, whilst other Jurists deem it to be wajib or sunna.  Those Jurist that have stated it to be fard in ruku’ and sajda also state it to be fard in qawma and jalsa as well.  Similarly, those Jurist that have stated it to be wajib or sunna in ruku’ and sajda also state it to be wajib or sunna in qawma.  None have differentiated between the ruling of in ruku’ and sajda and in qawma and jalsa.  Therefore, both Ahadith are correct in its place.

And Allah knows best
Darul Iftaa

Madrasah Inaa’miyyah

 

 

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