Is my umrah complete?

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Ref no: 0248#

Date: Saturday, June 18, 2011

Category

Hajj

Title

Is my umrah complete?

Question

On my way to umrah we stopped in egypt where i had intention to put my ihram on. On reaching egypt the airline had lost my luggage  and i did not have  an ihram to put on. Having no recourse to an alim  i continued  to makkah bought an ihram locally and proceded to  the place  i think masjid Aishah  and started my umrah from there. 

Is my umrah complete or do i need do do something else for it to be valid. Please adivise jazakallah khair.

Answer

Muhtaram / Muhtaramah

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.

 

Our Fuqaha have recorded the following principle: “Any person staying out of the Meeqat (area from which it is binding to don the Ihram), intending to enter Makkah or the Haram area for ay reason, whether it be for Hajj, Umrah, trade etc, it is binding upon him to don the Ihram when crossing the Meeqat, in order to express honour and respect for the Holy lands of Makkah.” Thus, a person staying out of the Meeqat area, who intends to enter Makkah, has to don an Ihram at the Meeqat. (Al-Mabsoot, vol2. pg. 152, Dar al-Fikr)

However, if a person crosses the Meeqat without donning an Ihram, he is required to return to the Meeqat and don the Ihram. If this is done, the Hajj or Umrah is complete and in order. But, if he crosses the Meeqat without an Ihram and thereafter dons the Ihram without going to the Meeqat, them his Hajj or Umrah is incomplete and he is required to “damm” ie sacrifice a goat or sheep. (Muallim al-Hujjaj, pg. 105 / Minhat al-Khaliq, vol.3 pg. 49, Makataba Rashidiya)

Therefore, when you crossed the Meeqat without an Ihram, you were required to return to the Meeqat to don your Ihram. However, you had gone to Masjid Aisha which is situated at a place called Taneem, which is not the Meeqat, rather it is the “Hill” (area within the Meeqat). Therefore, your Umrah is incomplete and you are required to give “damm” in order to complete your Umrah.

فليس لأحد ممن يريد دخول مكة أن يجاوز الميقات إلا محرما

(المبسوط 1522)

و لان وجوب الاحرام علي من يريد الحج و العمرة عند دخول مكة لاظهار شرف تلك البقعة

(المبسوط 2152)

و كذالك لو اراد بمجاوزة هذه المواقيت دخول مكة لا يجوز له ان يجاوزها الا محرما سواء اراد بدخول مكة النسك من الحج او العمرة او التجارة او الحاجة اخري عندنا

(بدائع الصنائع2371)

ولو جاوز ميقاتا من المواقيت الخمسة يريد الحج أو العمرة فجاوزه بغير إحرام ثم عاد قبل أن يحرم وأحرم من الميقات ، وجاوزه محرما لا يجب عليه دم بالإجماع

(بدائع الصنائع  2373)

التقييد بخروجه الي الميقات يسقط الدم الذي لزمه بمجاوزة الميقات غير محرما باالاحرام منه كما تقدم فاذا احرم من داخل الميقات لا يسقط عنه دم المجاوزة لان المتقرر عليه امران  دم المجاوزة و لزوم نسك بدخول مكة بلا احرام

(منحة الخالق 349 )
(قوله فلو عاد) اي الي الميقات كما قيد به في الهدايه

(2583 رد المحتار)

And Allah knows best
Darul Iftaa

Madrasah Inaa’miyyah

 

 

· The Sharée ruling herein given is specifically based on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

· The Darul Ifta bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer. The Darul Ifta being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

· This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of the Darul Ifta.

 

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