can you cite supporting evidences from ahadith

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Date: Tuesday, June 28, 2011, 2011

Category

Hadith

Title

can you cite supporting evidences from ahadith

Question

can you cite suppordting evidences from ahadith that the Prophet (saw) performed fifteen rakaats of salaat during the night, twelve of which were Tahajjud Salaat with the authencity of the ahadith.

Also other ahadith that the Prophet (saw) performed seventeen, fifteen, thirteen, eleven, nine, seven and five rakaats of salaat at night.

Answer

Muhtaram / Muhtaramah

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.

 

1. There is no Hadith clearly stating that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed twelve rakaats Tahajjud salaat and three rakaats Witr salaat. However, Mulla Ali Qaari states that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed fifteen rakaats of salaat during the night. He explained that twelve rakaats were Tahajjud and the remainder Witr.

2. Hereunder are Ahadith regarding the Prophet’s (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) salaat at night are:

· Aysha (radiyallahu anha) reports that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to perform five rakaats of Witr salaat at night. (Sunan Al-Nasai, vol 1, pg 250, Qadeemi)

· Aysha (radiyallahu anha) reports that when the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) became old, he performed seven rakaats of Witr salaat at night. (ibid)

· Aysha (radiyallahu anha) reports that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed nine rakaats of Witr salaat at night. (ibid)

· Aysha (radiyallahu anha) reports that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed eleven rakaats of salaat at night. (Sunan Al-Nasai, vol 1, pg 251, Qadeemi)

· Ummi Salamah(radiyallahu anha)  reports that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) used to perform thirteen rakaats of Witr salaat at night.(ibid)

N.B: The word Witr in the above Ahadith refer to salaat performed at night.(Al-             Jaam’ Al-Tirmidhi, vol 1, pg 103, HM Saeed/ Dars Tirmidhi, vol 2, pg 215)

Sunan Al-Nasaai is used as reference for the above Ahadith because its authenticity being acknowledged by many Muhadditheen (Shaykh Abdul Fattah Abu Ghudda, Sunan Al-Nasai, vol 1, pg 6, Matbu’aat Al-Islamiyya /Al-Imaam Ibn Majah Wa Kitabihi, pg113, Mutbu’aat Al-Islamiyya)

· We are unable to locate a Hadith from the books available to us, stating clearly that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed fifteen and seventeen rakaats of salaat at night. However, from the statement of Ibn Hajar, we understand that he was of the view that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) at times performed fifteen and seventeen rakaats of salaat at night.

Imaam Raafi’ee mentioned: “It is not recorded that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed more than thirteen rakaats of salaat at night”.

Thereupon, Ibn Hajar objected and quoted:

“In Hawaashi Al-Mundhiri, it is stated that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed up to seventeen rakaats of salaat during the night. (Talkhees Al-Habeer, vol 2, pg 39, Ilmiyya)

In fact, it is reported from Abu Huraira (radiyallahu anhu) that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) said: “Perform five, seven, nine, eleven or more rakaats of Witr salaat” (Mustadrak Al-Haakim, vol 1, pg 446, Ilmiyya)

Mulla Ali Qaari, a great authority of Hadith, has mentioned that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed fifteen rakaats of salaat at night, as stated earlier.

Therefore, there is proof that the Prophet (Salla Allahu alayhi wa sallam) performed fifteen and seventeen rakaats of salaah at night.

عن عائشة : أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يوتر بخمس)سنن النسائي)

عن عائشة فلما ضعف أوتر بسبع ركعات ثم صلى ركعتين وهو جالس )سنن النسائي)

عن عائشة : أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يوتر بتسع)سنن النسائي)

عن عائشة : أن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم كان يصلي من الليل  إحدى عشرة )

عن أم سلمة قالت : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يوتر بثلاث عشرة ركعة

عن أبي هريرة قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم : لا توتروا بثلاث تشبهوا بصلاة المغرب و لكن أوتروا بخمس أو بسبع أو بتسع أو بإحدى عشرة ركعة أو أكثر من ذلك(مستدرك الحاكم)

 

And Allah knows best
Darul Iftaa

Madrasah Inaa’miyyah

 

 

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