Where is Allah?

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Question

 

Some people says he is everywhere some people say he is everywhere if you say he is everywhere the salafis ask is he in the toilet with you i have reat in fatawa mahmoodiya stating he is everywhere so what answer can we give to these salafees about the toilet

Answer

 

Muhtaram / Muhtaramah

 

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.

 

 

Allah Ta’ala is pure and free from all similarities to human beings. By confining Allah to a specific place, like the Arsh, a form is automatically being attributed to Allah. Once a form/shape is attributed to Allah, a deficiency is being attributed to Allah Ta’ala. Since, time and place are both created things.

 

Allah was how He was and still is the same. He is not affected by the passing of time. It is, therefore, improper to say Allah is on the Arsh. Similarly, it is improper to say Allah is everywhere. The best and safest option is the stance adopted by our Salaf (pious predecessors), i.e. to believe in Allah as He is without delving into the details on these issues. (Al-Iemaanu billaah).

 

It is further mentioned in Istiftaa # 8290,

 

Saadu-deen Taftazani rehmatallah alayh has explained the aspect of ‘Where is Allah’ in the following words, ‘And he is not at any place’. (Sharh Aqaaid)

 

Imaam Maalik rehmatallah alayh was asked about the Aayat in Surah Taaha, ‘Allah is above His Ársh’, he answered ‘Being above (Istawaa) is known but the reality is unknown and – questioning that – is innovation.’

 

Jaaluddin Suyyuti rehmatallah alayh also comments on the Aayat saying, ‘Istawaa (being above) according to whatever is appropriate for Allah. (Jalaalayn vol. 2 p. 260).

 

However, the verse does not speak about the Zaat of Allah Taãla being on the Ársh but it is to indicate the establishment and control of the Kingdom of Allah by Himself.

 

With regards to the view of Mufti Mahmood Hasan Saheb rehmatallah alayh, it is imperative to read the whole fatwa and understand it completely. For this reason we have reproduced the Fatwa below.

 

 

It is the Aqeeda of Ahl Sunnah Wal Jama’a that Allah is everywhere, knower of every aspect (big or small), and nothing is hidden from Him. It is established from the Explicit Sources and Fortified Proofs. Allah say,

لا يعزب عنه مثقال ذرة فى السماوات و لا فى الارض ولا اصغر ولا اكبر الا فى كتاب مبين

But unlike other things, Allah is not restricted to one specific place, because He is not voluminous entity. He is eternal and time and space are His creation. The how can He be restricted within the place?

ولا محدود ولا معدود ولا متبعض ولا متجز ولا شريك منها ولا يجرى عليه الزمان ( شرح عقائد نسفى صـ 32)

And in some texts where a specific place is mentioned, then the intended meaning there, is not that that place is restricted for Allah rather what is intended is that Allah’s attribute of knowledge or some other attribute empowers upon that place.” (Fatawa Mahmoodiya Vol.6 Pg.67)

 

From this text we understand that the statement “Allah is everywhere” has two aspects.

 

  1. That its explanation according to Mufti Mahmood Saheb rehmatullah alayh is given as “knower of every aspect (big or small), and nothing is hidden from Him”.
  2. And also that the above is substantiated by the last part of his fatwa where the attribute of Allah’s Knowledge empowers every bit of this universe and more.

 

 

And Allah knows best
Darul Iftaa

Madrasah Inaa’miyyah

 

 

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