1) if one masterbated while fasting, is the fast broken or mukrooh?
2) ) if a man gives his wife talaaq in writing only, not verbally, is the marriage still over?
Muhtaram / Muhtaramah
In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.
- The fast will be broken and you will have to keep a Qadha Fast to compensate.
- Talaq is valid whether issued verbally or in writing.
And Allah knows best
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah