Spending on ones family on the 10th of Maharram, is it tradition or is it established in shariah?
Muhtaram / Muhtaramah
In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.
Spending on one’s family on the 10th of Muharram is not merely a tradition, but rather a practice established in the shari’ah. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stated: “Whoever spends generously on his family on Aashura (10th Muharram), Allah Ta’ala shall increase his sustenance for the rest of the year”.
The above Hadith is considered sound by the scholars of Hadith and is reported by many Sahabah, amongst them Sayyiduna Jabir and Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah (radiyallahu ‘anhum).
Furthermore, Ibn ‘Uyainah (rahimahullah) stated: “We have practiced on this hadith for fifty to sixty years and have only experienced good through it”.
(Targheeb wat Tarheeb, vol 2, pg 116)
(Maqasidul Hasanah, #1193)
(Tanzihush Shari’ah, vol 2, pg 157, Ilmiyyah)
(Lataiful Ma’arif, Darul Hadith)
And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best