Is there any evidence to prove that it is sunnah to pray Janaazah Salaah in the Qabrastan

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Date: Wednesday, 16th March, 2011

Category

Funeral

Title

Is there any evidence to prove that it is sunnah to pray Janaazah Salaah in the Qabrastan

Question

Assalaamualaikum
Question- Is there any evidence to prove that it is sunnah to pray Janaazah Salaah in the Qabrastan or is it a Custom because allot of people insist in praying in the Qabrastan?

Answer

Muhtaram / Muhtaramah

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.

The performance of salat-al-janazah in the graveyard is evident in a Hadith:

عن أبى هريرة أن امرأة سوداء كانت تقم المسجد – أو شابا – ففقدها رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فسأل عنها – أو عنه – فقالوا مات. قال « أفلا كنتم آذنتمونى ». قال فكأنهم صغروا أمرها – أو أمره – فقال « دلونى على قبره ». فدلوه فصلى عليها ثم قال « إن هذه القبور مملوءة ظلمة على أهلها وإن الله عز وجل ينورها لهم بصلاتى عليهم ».

“Abu Hurayrah (RadiyAllahu Anhu) says that a black woman or young man used to clean the masjid. The Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) missed the person and asked about her (or him). They (the companions) said that the person died. He said, ‘Why did you not inform me?….Show me to his (or her) grave.’ So they showed him and he offered prayer for her then said, ‘These graves are filled with darkness for their occupants, but Allah Most High illuminates them by my prayer over them.’” (Sahih Muslim, Vol. 7, Dar al-Ma’rifah)

Besides the abovementioned Hadith, it is also narrated that Abu Hurayrah (RadiyAllahu Anhu) led the janazah prayers of A’isha and Umm Salmah (RadiyAllahu Anhuma) in the blessed graveyard of Jannat-al-Baqi and Ibn Umar (RadiyAllahu Anhuma) was also in the jama’ah.

Imam Abu Hanifa (Rahmatullah Alayhi) also mentions that janazah salat should be offered in the graveyard.

قال : أبو حنيفة : ولا ينبغي أن يصلى على ميت بين القبور ، وكان علي وابن عباس يكرهان ذلك ، وإن صلوا أجزأهم لما روي أنهم صلوا على عائشة ، وأم سلمة بين مقابر البقيع ، والإمام أبو هريرة وفيهم ابن عمر رضي الله عنهم .

(Badaai’ al-Sanaai’, Vol. 2, P. 65, Rashidiyya)

قال أبو حنيفة لا ينبغي أن يصلي على ميت بين القبور وكان علي وابن عباس يكرهان ذلك وإن صلوا أجزأهم لما روي أنهم صلوا على عائشة وأم سلمة بين مقابر البقيع والإمام أبو هريرة وفيهم ابن عمر رضي الله عنهم ثم محل الكراهة إذا لم يكن عذر فإن كان فلا كراهة اتفاقا

(Hashiya Tahtawi ‘ala Maraqi al-Fallah, P. 595, Qadimi)

قال أبو حنيفة رحمه الله ، ولا ينبغي أن يصلى على ميت بين القبور

(Al-Bahr al-Raaiq, Vol. 2, P. 341, Rashidiyya)

(Fatawa Alamgiree, Vol. 1, P. 165, Rashidiyya)

(Fatawa Mahmudiyya, Vol. 8, P. 701, Faruqiyya)

And Allah knows best
Darul Iftaa

Madrasah Inaa’miyyah

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