to recite behind imam silent

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Question

 

According to Imam Muhammad (rah) its alsoud to recite behind imam silent prayers like Zuhr, Asr.

Is it according to Imam Muhammad (rah) only aloud to recite Surah Al Fatiha?

Or does it also mean the Subhanaka as well as the Zammi Surah (the optional surah after Fatiha) in the first 2 rakah’s of a 4 unit prayer?

 

 

Answer

 

Muhtaram / Muhtaramah

 

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāh wa-barakātuh.

Mulla Ali Qari mentions:

والإمام محمد من أئمتنا يوافق الشافعي في القراءة في السرية وهو أظهر في الجمع بين الروايات الحديثية وهو مذهب الإمام مالك أيضا

(Mirkat-ul-Mafateeh 2/284 Maktaba Imdaadiyah)

Burhaan al-Din, in his masterpiece Al-Hidaya states:

ويستحسن على سبيل الا حتياط فيما يروى عن محمد رحمه الله ويكره عندهما لما فيه من الوعيد

(Al-Hidayah 1/121 Maktaba Shirkat-e-Ilmiyah)

Regarding these statements, Ibn Nujaim writes:

وفي الهداية ويستحسن على سبيل الاحتياط فيما يروى عن محمد ويكره عندهما لما فيه من الوعيد وتعقبه في غاية البيان بأن محمدا صرح في كتبه بعدم القراءة خلف الإمام فيما يجهر فيه وفيما لا يجهر فيه قال وبه نأخذ وهو قول أبي حنيفة ويجاب عنه بأن صاحب الهداية لم يجزم بأنه قول محمد بل ظاهره أنها رواية ضعيفة ، وفي فتح القدير والحق أن قول محمد كقولهما

(Al-Bahr Al-Ra’iq 1/343 Maktaba Rashidiyah)

Furthermore, in the Muwatta of Imam Muhammad, his view is mentioned as:

قال محمد لا قراة خلف الامام فيما جهر فيه و لا  فيما لم يجهر بذلك جاءت عامة الاثار وهو قول ابي حنيفة

(page96  Kadimi Kutub Khana)

It is also stated in Kitaab Al-A’thar that Imam Muhammad’s opinion is of not reciting behind the imam in any prayers, whether silent or loud.

(Kitaab Al-A’thar : 16/17)

Considering the above mentioned references, it is clear that Imam Muhammad’s opinion was of a muktadi not reciting behind the imam.

 

And Allah knows best

Wassalam

 

Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In’aamiyyah


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